The Ideas of Marx
The Communist Manifesto, originally German and later international, was officially released in 1848. The circulation of the pamphlet heavily involved the French Revolution as well as the typical revolts during the time. Communism according to Marx and Engels is rooted out of the class struggles particularly in Europe but also stems in other areas across the globe. The New York Times covered the concepts in the Manifesto in an article called “The Ideas of Marx”, opening with a joke “What is the difference, comrade, between Communism and capitalism? A. Under capitalism, man exploits man. Under Communism, the situation is reversed.” (The New York Times). While the concepts of communism within the United States have primarily revolved around opposition of it’s theory, it has also influenced the notions of American economics. As the paper notes,
“the existence of the tax has probably done more to deter revolution by reconciling toiling masses to capitalism. This is also the case with other items in the Communist Manifesto: free education for all children in public schools, abolition of child labor, improvement of the soil, establishing of a national bank and other once-revolutionary demands..” (The New York Times)
The representation of the Communist Manifesto by the article is correlated to Joseph Choate, a New York lawyer, in an argument that swayed the Supreme Court in 1895 about restoring Congress’s right to tax incomes through the 16th Amendment. While Marx and Engels criticized the class culture of the era, their ten-point plan of how to execute the concept of Communism explicitly lists the ideas expressed in the New York Times article. The educational concerns are covered in the final point of the plan as well as the noted “other once-revolutionary demands” (Marx and Engels 30-31). The fullest extent of communism can be seen as speaking to an emotion of discontent or feeling like a cog in the system, therefore by making everyone equal idealistically, the class culture that creates this discontent would hopefully evaporate.
“Ideas of Marx” . The New York Times, 15 March 1988, late ed., p. A26.
Marx, Karl and Frederick Engels. The Communist Manifesto. International Publishers. 2016.